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Evaluation of Prophylactic and Therapeutic Roles of N-Acetylcysteine on Biochemical and Oxidative Changes Induced by Acute Poisoning of Diazinon in Various Rat Tissues

[ Vol. 14 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Kavoos Tahmasebi, Mahvash Jafari*, Farideh Izadi, Alireza Asgari, Hoosein Bahadoran, Javad Heydari and Saeed Khazaie   Pages 100 - 116 ( 17 )

Abstract:


Background: Exposure to diazinon (DZN) as an organophosphorus insecticide is associated with reducing the antioxidant capacity of cells. N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) is widely used in clinics to treat several diseases related to oxidative stress.

Objective: The current study was aimed to evaluate the prophylactic and therapeutic roles of NAC on biochemical and oxidative changes induced by acute poisoning of DZN in various tissues of male Wistar rats.

Methods: Thirty rats were divided into five groups: control group received corn oil as DZN solvent; DZN group received 100 mg/kg of DZN; NAC group received 160 mg/kg of NAC; NAC-DZN and DZN-NAC groups received 160 mg/kg of NAC before and after 100 mg/kg of DZN injection, respectively. Plasma and various tissues were prepared and evaluated for the measurement of the biochemical parameters and oxidative stress biomarkers.

Results: Both prophylactic and therapeutic treatments by NAC ameliorated the increased lipid peroxidation and decreased glutathione level and superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione S-transferase activities in tissues (P<0.05). Moreover, treatment with the NAC caused a significant reduction in DZN-induced high levels of plasma biochemical parameters. Furthermore, acetylcholinesterase activity was positively correlated with both LDH (P=0.000) activity and GSH (P=0.001) level and negatively correlated with MDA (P=0.009) level in the brain.

Conclusion: Results suggest that NAC could effectively ameliorate the DZN-induced oxidative stress and cholinergic hyperactivity in various tissues especially in the brain, through free radicals scavenging and GSH synthesis. Prophylactic approach exerted a stronger protective effect compared to a therapeutic treatment.

Keywords:

Diazinon, N-acetylcysteine, oxidative stress, acetylcholinesterase, biochemical parameters, tissues, rat.

Affiliation:

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Chemical Injuries Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Department of Biology, Faculty of Biology, Islamic Azad University Western Branch, Tehran, Exercise Physiology Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Departmentpt of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran

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