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Hydrogels Based in Cassava Starch with Antibacterial Activity for Controlled Release of Cysteamine-silver Nanostructured Agents

[ Vol. 11 , Issue. 1 ]

Author(s):

Manuel S. Palencia*, Tulio A. Lerma and Enrique M. Combatt   Pages 28 - 35 ( 8 )

Abstract:


Background: Nanostructured hybrid antibiotics (NHAs) are a new class of substances with a high potential in the development of novel alternatives for antimicrobial treatments. This strategy is based on the building of synergy between biologically-active organic and inorganic substances.

Objective: The aim of this study was to develop hydrogels based in cassava starch for controlled release systems with antibacterial and antibiofilm properties using nanostructured hybrid systems.

Method: For that, hydrogels were synthesized from cassava starch and poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) by esterification reaction. Silver nanoparticles were synthesized by chemical reduction using NaBH4 as reducing agent and citrate as capping agent. Nanostructured hybrid systems were prepared from silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) and cysteamine (cysa) by ligand exchange reaction; these systems were characterized (Fourier transform infrared, dynamic light scattering, elemental analysis) and evaluated against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus using Tryptic Soy Broth as liquid phase.

Conclusion: Hydrogels can be used as controlled-release systems of substance with antibacterial activity (AgNPs, cysa and AgNPs-cysa). Antibacterial effect against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus was seen to be relatively low at studied concentrations; however, the charge of antimicrobial activity can be controlled as a result of high water absorption capacity. Inhibition percent for hybrid systems (AgNPs-cysa) was seen to be most effective against Escherichia coli and very similar to the observed effect for AgNPs.

Keywords:

Hybrid antibiotics, biopolymer hydrogels, silver nanoparticles, cysteamine.

Affiliation:

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Natural and Exact Science, University of Valle, Cl 13 N° 100-00, Cali, Department of Agricultural Engineering and Rural Development, Faculty of Agricultural Science, Universidad de Córdoba, Montería, Department of Agricultural Engineering and Rural Development, Faculty of Agricultural Science, Universidad de Córdoba, Montería

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